Published: Tue, November 13, 2018
Health Care | By Oscar Goodwin

Antimicrobial Resistance a Global Health Emergency

Antimicrobial Resistance a Global Health Emergency

For the first time, WHO has collated data on antibiotic consumption for human health care from 65 countries and areas. "As we strive to ensure that antibiotics are rightly used in the community and in health-care settings, one sector alone will not solve the problem".

"These differences indicate that some countries are likely to consume too many antibiotics while others may not have sufficient access to these drugs", World Health Organization said in a statement in the report. Side-effects of Antibiotics Treatment Leaves a Woman with This Benign Condition.

Bacteria will eventually become resistant to every antibiotic we create.

"Using antibiotics responsibly, under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian, is a part of daily life on pig farms and has been for many years", said National Pork Board President Steve Rommereim, a pig farmer from Alcester, South Dakota.

"We know that nearly one in every two Australians (45%) takes an antibiotic each year, and our nation's consumption levels are higher than those of comparable countries such as the United Kingdom and the Netherlands", said Mr Morris.

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Irresponsible use of antibiotics, including wrong prescriptions, inappropriate self-medication and over-the-counter sale of antibiotics from unlicensed and unapproved outlets have been identified as the major causes of AMR.

Use antibiotics wisely. When they are needed, take the prescribed dose and complete the whole course of treatment prescribed by your doctor.

Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections like the common cold, flu, most sore throats, bronchitis, and many sinus and ear infections.

At a press launch of this year's World Antibiotics Awareness Week (WAAW) in Accra yesterday, the PSGH also cautioned against the purchase of antibiotics from unqualified health workers.

More than three quarters (76%) of those surveyed say they are aware that antibiotic-resistant infections make medical procedures like surgery, organ transplants and cancer treatment much more unsafe.

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One of the main causes of antibiotic resistance is overusing antibiotics and prescribing them inappropriately.

Washing with soap and hot water for 20 seconds before eating or preparing food, when you first come home, and after using the toilet, will help protect you against bugs.

Besides overuse of antibiotics, drug-resistant infections can also result from poor access to antimicrobials, the report warns. Accounting for less than 2% of total antibiotic consumption in most high-income countries and not being reported by most low- and middle-income countries.

Moreover, the lack of access to quality assured antibiotics pushes individuals to buy antibiotics without a prescription, and this variable is not now captured by the surveillance system. Many governments are phasing out the use of antibiotics as a growth promoter and preventive measure in livestock, and now only use antimicrobials in healthy animals in very exceptional circumstances.

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