Published: Fri, October 05, 2018
Science | By Cecil Little

Nobel Physics Prize awarded to trio of scientists from US, France, Canada

Nobel Physics Prize awarded to trio of scientists from US, France, Canada

The other half of the prize recognized Ashkin for using lasers to develop optical tweezers for moving microscopic objects like molecules.

A 2011 profile on the University of Waterloo's website said Strickland described herself as a "laser jock" who enjoyed the competitive rush, and was working on creating the shortest laser pulse with the biggest punch. She and Mourou found a way to produce a powerful laser pulse that lasts an nearly unimaginably short period of time.

He was found guilty of one rape but was acquitted of the other because the victim said she was asleep at the time and judges said her account was not reliable. "I felt like all along I have always been paid and treated the same", she said with a smile.

He has since been suspended by the research centre.

Strickland noted she has not personally experienced fundamental inequality and believes the field is ready to give women a more prominent place.

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For Owens, the fact that the Nobels are awarded for individual rather than team efforts could be another reason why there are so few women winners. The only other female victor is famed historical physicist Marie Curie.

Out of 923 total Nobel Prize laureates, only 48 of those have been women, and just three in the physics category.

"I think she's a really great role model", said Webb, noting that Strickland won the Nobel prize for work done on her first published research paper.

"The court's conclusion is that the evidence is enough to find the defendant guilty of one of the events", she said, adding that the evidence "has mainly consisted of statements made during the trial by the injured party and several witnesses". "I am very, very happy to share this distinction with my former student Donna Strickland and also to share it with Art Ashkin, for whom I have a lot of respect".

"Well, OK. I thought there might have been more but I couldn't think".

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A Canadian scientist who became only the third woman to win the Nobel Prize for Physics said her personal triumph doubles as a sign of progress for her male-dominated industry.

In May, the academy announced that no Nobel Literature prize would be awarded this year and two, for 2018 and 2019, would be awarded next year.

What is the work that has won a Nobel?

Strickland, who was announced as a victor on Tuesday, is a Canadian physicist who was awarded in a group of three scientists for their "method generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses". This dramatically increases the intensity of the pulse.

The technology they discovered is based upon something called "chirped pulse amplification", and allowed scientists to overcome a critical issue with light amplification: That high intensity laser usually destroys the material that is being used to amplify it. With this he was able to use the radiation pressure of light to move physical objects, "an old dream of science fiction".

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The prize was also awarded to Prof Arthur Ashkin, for his invention of "optical tweezers" that grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their laser-beam fingers. The technique is now used widely to study the machinery of life.

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