Published: Wed, May 16, 2018
Science | By Cecil Little

Astronomers discover the fastest-growing black hole ever

Astronomers discover the fastest-growing black hole ever

Now scientists are on the hunt for another black hole that might beat out this black hole's appetite and give them a glimpse into the inner workings of the universe only a few billion years after it formed.

"This black hole is growing so rapidly that it's shining thousands of times more brightly than an entire galaxy, due to all of the gases it sucks in daily that cause lots of friction and heat", said Wolf.

Astronomers from the Australian National University (ANU) have located the huge back hole 12 billion light years away, which means they are looking at it in the early days of the universe. It would appear as an incredibly bright pin-point star that would nearly wash out all of the stars in the sky, "said Christian Wolf, lead author of the study and a researcher from the Australian National University". The giant object is known to be devouring a mass similar to that of the sun in every 2 days. At that rate, it would grow by 1 percent every million years.

FOR anyone trying to unlock the mysteries of the universe, there is one thing that is universal, the bigger a black hole is, the better.

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Most of the energy coming from the quasar is ultraviolet light.

The mammoth black hole also emanates vast amounts of radiated X-rays, which would probably "make life on Earth impossible", the astronomer pointed out.

Keep in mind that the center of the Milky Way is about 26,000 light-years away from Earth. "We estimate that this black hole has a mass of at least 20 billion times the mass of the Sun".

"Fast-growing supermassive black holes also help to clear the fog around them by ionising gases, which makes the Universe more transparent".

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The ultra-violet light emitted from the quasar was detected by the SkyMapper telescope at the ANU Siding Spring Observatory. They then used the Gaia satellite to measure that the object was sitting still, thereby also confirming that it was incredibly distant and likely a supermassive black hole, the researchers said.

"As the universe expands, space expands and that stretches the light waves and changes their color", said Christian Wolf, the lead author of the study.

As Dr. Christian Wolf of the Australian National University explained, this finding represents a big problem for astrophysics which, until now, was pretty much sure that supernovae turn into black holes which are up to 50 solar masses and can not exceed this limitation.

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