Published: Пн, Марта 12, 2018
Industry | By Dora Warner

China scraps presidential term limit, enabling Xi Jinping to rule indefinitely

China scraps presidential term limit, enabling Xi Jinping to rule indefinitely

At the opening of the annual gathering of the National People's Congress, Wang Chen, the legislature's secretary-general, told delegates and ergo the 89 million members of the party that the proposal was the result of a massive public consultation effort.

Almost 3,000 hand-picked delegates at The National People's Congress endorsed the constitutional amendment Sunday, voting 2,958 in favour. It is not a must for a working democracy, after all the U.K., Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Denmark and Norway are all constitutional monarchies, while in Japan and Canada prime ministers are under parliamentary control and face regular votes of confidence.

For today's vote, the NPC chose to follow paper ballot system instead of hand raising and electronic voting.

The People's Republic of China enacted its first Constitution in 1954.

"Xi asked all people to obey the constitution, and then used the amendment to place himself above it", he said.

Another major constitutional change approved Sunday was the creation of an all-powerful national anti-corruption agency, regarded by many as equally significant as the removal of term limits in its impact on Chinese politics.

China's Parliament approves by 99.79% to remove Xi's term limits
He has earned comparison with Mao Zedong with shops selling memorabilia with his image alongside Mao's

A review of four main amendments to Chinese Constitution leads us to conclude that consolidation of power is key to reading m, not only by eliminating limits to presidential mandates but also because y elevate rank Constitutional a much more ambitious view of China's role in world as well as a more centralized territorial model.

China's ruling Communist Party announced the proposed amendment only last month and there was never any doubt it would pass as parliament is packed with loyal party members who would not have opposed the proposal.

For India, observers say, Xi's continuation will have particular significance, especially in the backdrop of last year's 73-day-long Dokalam standoff where Chinese troops tried to build a road in the area claimed by Bhutan to reach close to India's narrow corridor connecting its northeastern states.

Under Xi, China has been pouring billions of dollars in India's neighbourhood in projects like China-Pakistan Economic Corridor traversing through PoK, connectivity projects in Nepal, Sri Lanka and Maldives, raising strategic stakes for India.

The constitution had until now limited presidents to serving only two consecutive terms.

Chinese authorities have been unwilling to countenance criticism of the change, on Sunday going so far as to refuse to translate a reference in a question to the "Cultural Revolution", a period of murderous upheaval under Mao. Thereafter, as his second term in office began, there were ample hints at the potential possibility of Xi continuing to rule China beyond the expected term, which was to end in 2023.

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The Communist Party has rotated its leadership every decade since former leader Deng Xiaoping in 1982 abolished "lifelong leadership tenure".

Qinghai has a large Tibetan population, many of them yak herders, whom China has controversially been moving into permanent homes rather than allowing them to continue their traditional nomadic way of life.

"The top leader's term limits are the biggest common denominator shared by all political forces in China", he said.

However, the decision was made by the Chinese parliament when it passed a series of constitutional amendments. They include inserting Xi's name alongside Mao's and Deng's, and enshrining in law his principles for a more assertive foreign policy.

Communist Party elders have called it another step toward cleaning up Chinese society under Mr. Xi - all while acknowledging the degree of power it will hold.

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