Published: Mon, June 26, 2017
USA | By Kelli Rowe

US Supreme Court limits rights of property owners

I actually doubt he'll retire; I think he rather likes being the de facto Chief Justice once again, which he wouldn't be if Merrick Garland had been confirmed past year and the Court had tilted decisively left.

All of those things (and more!) are incredibly important, but they may all be secondary to something else: gerrymandering. Computer programs using vast data banks describing sociological, ethnic, economic, religious and political characteristics of the electorate determine districts - often of incredibly weird contours - that favor the party that drew the maps.

Federal law dictates that congressional districts "distribute population evenly, be connected and be 'compact, '" explains Kevin Knudson at the University of Florida.

The next USA census is in 2020, and many experts predict West Virginia will lose one of its three seats in the House. The fifth district was eliminated after the 1970 census, while the fourth district was eliminated after the 1990 census. Two Wyoming senators represent 568,300 voters. Adding heavily Democratic portions of Montgomery County to the Western Maryland-based district helped John Delaney, a Potomac Democrat, unseat Republican Rep. Roscoe G. Bartlett. The lots had merged into one when they transferred from the plaintiffs' parents to their children in the mid-1990s, well after the development regulations had been in place.

Democrats don't have to "peel off" Republican voters, a tactic that failed to deliver Tuesday in Georgia. In some other states, where Democrats are in political control, gerrymanders disadvantaging Republicans have been adopted.

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That would imply a market capitalization of 13.3 billion euros at the upper end of the range. The government now owns about 99 percent of its shares.

If the districts in either of these scenarios followed natural geographic or political boundaries, then it would be hard to complain. They may think since they own it, they control it.

However, with gerrymandering, district lines are usually being drawn in ways that do not mirror natural dividing lines.

The most recent challenge, in 2004, was rejected, with the late Justice Antonin Scalia authoring an opinion that there is no "judicially enforceable limit on the political considerations that the States and Congress may take into account when districting". It can not claim that it did not realize what it was doing - modern districting software has allowed enough people to see the partisan consequences.

We asked Supreme Court expert Dan Urman, director of the undergraduate minor in law and public policy at Northeastern, to discuss the prevalence of gerrymandering as well as what this case could mean for future elections nationwide. "Neither people nor companies should be put in a position where complying with the laws of one country puts them in conflict with another country under whose laws they must operate".

The Supreme Court agreed to hear the case in January 2016.

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But a strongly conservative successor to Kennedy could push the court firmly to the right, and Democrats say they would fight such a pick fiercely.

The U.S. Supreme Court will rule in a landmark partisan gerrymandering case, in which I am the named plaintiff.

The reason, he explained, is that when the government regulates land owned by private individuals, "it nearly never says that you can't do anything with all the property you own".

The current case in front of the Court, Murr v. Wisconsin, doesn't involve a glamorous property such as Grand Central Station, the subject of Brennan's opinion.

Republicans hold a 52-48 majority in the Senate, and under rules they passed to expedite Gorsuch's confirmation they would need only a simple majority to fill the next court vacancy.

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"The two cases involve independent and complementary theories, which should give us two at-bats for the home run we need to resolve this very hard legal problem", said Michael B. Kimberly, an attorney representing the plaintiffs in the Maryland case. But a ruling against partisan gerrymandering would have the potential to reshape every single area of American politics for generations. I have worked on campaigns in many districts throughout the state because my goal has always been to elect Democratic majorities in the two branches of the state legislature.

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